Hey folks, this is going to be a quick and concise guide on how (and why) to change the aperture on your Sony a7iii. Do note that while this post is specifically targeting the a7iii, it’s applicable to any other full frame Sony camera.
Additionally, we’ll touch on what F-stop actually means along with my suggestions for the best bright aperture lenses.
Let’s dive in!
How to change aperture on the Sony a7iii?
Set Mode Dial to “A”
To start, we’re going to want to spin the mode dial on the camera over to the “A” position. This stands for aperture priority.
Now, you can change the aperture by spinning either of the rear dials/wheels.
Do note that if you’re shooting in manual mode, that one of the dials will control shutter speed while the other will control the aperture. However, if you’re in “A” mode, both dials should just change the aperture.
What is aperture?
So what exactly does “aperture” mean? To put it simply, aperture is the “eye” of your camera lens. Opening the eye lets more light in, while closing the eye lets less light in.
If you look closely at your lens, you’ll see the aperture (or “eye”) opening and closing as you adjust the aperture setting on your camera.
As the blades “retract”, the aperture opens up, letting in more light. As they tighten, the aperture gets smaller, allowing less light in.
What is F-stop?
Now, you may have also heard the term “F-stop” being thrown around. F-stop may sound complicated, but it’s the ratio of the lens focal length in relation to the aperture “hole”.
To put it much more simply, F-stop is pretty much just a numerical value to help photographers understand how large their aperture is.
When someone says, “shoot with a wide/large F-stop”, they actually mean shooting with a low number, like F1.8. On the flipside, a “small/tight” F-stop can mean something more along the lines of F16 or F22.
Why would I want to change my aperture?
Depth of Field (Background Blur)
So, when should you change your aperture?
The first reason you’d want to change your aperture is if you want to create depth of field, also know as background blur. Adjusting your depth of field opens up a lot of creative elements.
When taking pictures of people, you’ll generally want a blurred background in order to create a sense of subject isolation. This can easily be accomplished by opening up your aperture to something wide, such as F1.8.
In addition, shooting at wide apertures creates a visual effect known as “bokeh” (the pronunciation of this word is… up for debate).
To put it simply, bokeh is the way a lens renders out of focus points of light. It has all sorts of artistic potential, from emphasizing subject isolation to intentionally blurring lights in the background for dramatic effect.
More in Focus
Now, on the flipside to all of this, there are situations where you’d want to “stop down” (tighten) your aperture. A tighter F-stop allows for the scene to be more in focus due to more light hitting the camera sensor.
As an example, you’ll generally want to tighten your aperture when shooting something like landscapes or cityscapes. This way, you’ll insure that your entire scene is in focus and sharp.
Low Light Situations
Speaking of low light, opening up your aperture is critical when shooting in dark conditions (night, indoors, astrophotography, and so on).
As we mentioned prior, opening your aperture allows more light into the lens, thus allowing you to shoot in darker environments.
What about lenses?
Primes vs Zooms
Even if you’re new to photography, you’ve likely noticed that lenses have certain apertures listed on them. This is considered their “maximum” (or widest) aperture.
Zoom lenses tend to have tighter max apertures due to optical limitations from the zoom mechanism.
On the other hand, prime lenses are typically much brighter than their zoom counterparts. For this reason, you’ll generally want to have at least one prime lens in your kit at all times, as it’ll allow you to work with low light and other wide-aperture creative pursuits.
My Lens Suggestions
If you’re still shopping for lenses, I have a few wide aperture primes I can personally vouch for. I’ll list them below (different focal lengths).
Sony FE 20mm F1.8
First up on the list is a wide angle lens. The Sony FE 20mm F1.8 is an excellent wide angle lens with a bright aperture.
You’ll get top-tier sharpness, a robust build, fast autofocus and great low light performance. It may, to be frank, be a bit to expensive for beginners, however.
Sony FE 50mm F1.8
The Sony FE 50mm F1.8 is an excellent low-budget lens for any a7iii shooter. It’s known as the brand’s “nifty fifty” (cheap 50mm prime lens) and it performs spectacularly.
Expect razor sharp images, quick autofocus, and a bright max aperture. If you’re looking to buy your first prime lens for your Sony camera, make it the 50mm F1.8. It’s very, very budget friendly.
Sony FE 85mm F1.8
Finally, if you’re looking to be more of a portrait photographer, consider the Sony FE 85mm F1.8.
It renders bokeh beautifully and creates incredible subject isolation. It’s also razor sharp and pretty budget friendly.
So, now that you know the basics about aperture, it’s time to get out there and practice. My best advice would be to just grab your camera and get outside.
Play around with your aperture settings and watch as backgrounds blur in and out. Adjust focus while pointing the camera at bright lights and see how your lens renders bokeh.